The knowledge of how to make glass began in the Middle East around 4500 B.C. Glass first started out in the form of beads and then around 1700 B.C. it took on the shape of a hollow container.
During this time, the Roman Empire had set up glass works in Italy, France and the Rheinland. By the 2nd century, glass works had spread to Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Britain. At this time, the wine glass was in the shape of a hollow vessel with no stem, but had large melted beads of glass that protruded from the outside glass area which made it easier to hold on to.