In general, the body of a stoneware
stein is decorated by using one, two or three different techniques
- raised-relief decoration, incised decoration, or transfer
Of the three, raised-relief is
by far the most popular. Also, known as bas-relief, this technique
refers to a three-dimensional, highly detailed subject area that
is "raised" above the background area of a stein.
Incised decoration, also known
as etched decoration, is equally authentic and attractive, yet
not nearly as well known. The primary reason is that it is a more
complex and expensive technique. The subject outline of the incised
stein is actually etched into the body, thus creating the design.
Transfer, or decal decoration is
normally the least expensive decoration. Nevertheless, modern technology
now allows us to reproduce the finest, details of portraits, paintings,
and photography, thereby creating very attractive and reasonably